What’s a clinical trial?
Clinical research refers to all studies conducted on humans (healthy or sick individuals). It primarily focuses on advancing knowledge of diseases, developing new treatments or medical devices, diagnostic methods to ensure better patient care. Highly regulated, it adheres to a specific study protocol and is only carried out under certain conditions:
- The purpose is to increase medical knowledge.
- It is conducted by competent individuals.
- All measures are taken to protect the individuals participating in the research.
- Regulatory authorizations have been obtained, and all necessary legal and ethical steps have been taken.
- Obtaining the consent of the individuals participating in the research (Legifrance: Article L1121-1 of the Public Health Code).
There are two main types of clinical studies:
- Observational studies (e.g., cohort studies, epidemiology).
- Interventional studies or clinical trials.